Theory of Mind, Aesthetic Judgment and Child Development Issues: A Narrative Review / Théorie de l’esprit, jugement esthétique et enjeux du développement de l’enfant : un compte rendu narratif

Pedro Mendonça, Alain Savoie, Anne-Marie Émond

Abstract


Abstract: The Theory of Mind (ToM) is an empathy related concept that refers to the ability of attributing mental states to oneself and to others. ToM is present throughout the process of aesthetic judgment and essential for an aesthetic experience to happen. We present a narrative overview of four influential studies that propose a developmental model of aesthetic judgment in children and we discuss their inherent relationship with ToM. We argue that ToM permeates the four suggested models, although not expressly mentioned in them, and conclude that ToM cannot be separated from the aesthetic experience in the context of child development.

Keywords: Art Appreciation; Aesthetic Experience; Aesthetic Judgment; Child Development; Empathy; Imagination; Shared meaning; Theory of Mind (ToM).

Résumé : La théorie de l’esprit désigne un concept lié à l’empathie, qui relève de la capacité d’attribuer des états mentaux, à soi-même et à autrui. La théorie de l’esprit est inhérente au processus de jugement esthétique et indispensable au vécu de l’expérience esthétique. Nous proposons ici un compte rendu narratif de quatre études déterminantes qui introduisent un modèle développemental du jugement esthétique chez l’enfant et analysons sa relation étroite avec la théorie de l’esprit. Nous affirmons que la théorie de l’esprit imprègne les quatre modèles suggérés, bien qu’elle n’y soit pas exprimée directement, et qu’elle ne peut donc être dissociée de l’expérience esthétique au niveau du développement de l’enfant.

Mots-clés : connaissance des arts ; expérience esthétique ; jugement esthétique ; développement de l’enfant ; empathie ; imagination ; sens commun ; théorie de l’esprit.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26443/crae.v46i2.69

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